Differences terms: holiday, festival, carnival
Should distinguish between the concepts of the holiday celebration, festival, carnival. Usually in the minds of people these terms are often confused due to the fact that they are all associated with the same emotional States. This solemnity, joy, fun. Still, carnival, festival, holiday — not the same thing.
Closest in meaning to the word “holiday” is “festival”. However, the full synonyms, these words are not. The holiday expresses a broader concept.
Festival (FR. festival, from lat. festivus is a holiday) — mass festival, screening (review) achievements in music, theatre, variety, circus or cinema
The festival is a massive celebration, festival. But it is also a display of any achievements in the arts.
Festivals are urban, national and international. Not always the festival is dedicated to any holiday. It can be performed in the framework of any significant event (new year’s festival; a festival dedicated to the day of St. Valentine, etc.) and be assigned regardless of the holiday.
Festivals can be held annually, and once — in light of the special events in the life of cities, countries, people.
Also hosts numerous themed festivals — a festival dedicated to the middle ages, the Latin dance festival, jazz festival, etc. What is a masquerade? Masquerade is not a holiday is a form of celebration or event.
Masquerade (from FR. mascarade from the Italian. mascarata, mascherata, from Italian. maschera “mask”). In the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries often used the name the Masked ball (from FR. bal-masqué) — ball, where attendees dressed in different characteristic, national, historical, or fantastic costumes, mostly with masks on their faces. Masquerade balls originated in Italy, and from there spread to other countries. They are one of the favorite amusements of the carnival
Masquerade — a costume party or celebration where participants dressed up in masks and costumes historical and fairy-tale characters, animals, birds.
The custom of dressing up in costumes and wear masks went from very ancient times. The mask was present since ancient times in religious acts and rites, when the priest or shaman, wearing the mask of the spirit or power of God was like unto that spirit.
The next stage of development of the masquerade was the emergence of the medieval folk theatre. Here various mask already had no attachment to religious ceremonies. First, depicting abstract, allegorical characters — laziness, greed, cunning, and then some specific individuals, masks and costumes all the more strongly in the life of medieval society.
In the beginning of XVIII century masquerades with all the paraphernalia and came to Russia thanks to the activities of Peter the great, brought a strange custom to dress up for the holidays from Western Europe. Entertainment is quickly caught, had to taste the Russian people, and soon in many palaces and houses of the Russian Empire began to place fancy-dress balls.
Carnival is a holiday associated with disguises, masquerades and colorful procession, which is celebrated before lent. Similar Slavic Maslenitsa, or Shrovetide, the Slavs Catholics. Distributed mainly in Catholic countries and dates back to pagan customs of the Roman Empire. Accompanied by folk festivals and street parades and spectacles.
Very close to the concept of the masquerade of the carnival. The carnival folk, wide festival with rajangam, festivals, parades.
The term “carnival” originally meant a Catholic carnival, a celebration which was closely connected with costumed street parades.
Just like the festival and masquerade, carnival may be held in the framework of a festival, and you can get and without attachment to a specific date.
Carnivals and masquerades, can be themed — the Japanese or Chinese carnival, with the participants dressed in traditional costumes; carnival dedicated to cats, etc.