The oldest carnival
Carnival culture is very old. And carnivals in Italy – a great many. Every town has its own, quite unlike any other. But the Carnival in Putignano has no equal.
If you can imagine that people celebrate almost two months, even our “new year holidays” do not seem so long. Powerful, colorful, daily action action stretching from Christmas to Lent. Almost two months of endless holiday. The end of which are Funeral. The funeral of Mr. Carnival.
And the reasons for this famous carnival, the most that neither is serious. Once, in a rather distant 1394, the knights of Malta transferred the relics of St. Stephen from the small town of Monopoli in the same small town of Putignano. Even then, during the transfer to the procession was joined by the peasants with jokes, songs and dances. Not surprising – Saint Stephen is the patron Saint of the city.
Here and now: the first day of the carnival is awarding huge candles (one President – the President of the carnival, hands it to another – the President of the Committee of St. Stephen). Thus, the participants of the carnival I respect the Church and ask for forgiveness for all the atrocities that’ll do during the festivities. Such prior repentance in a future carnival of sins…
And each day of this two-month carnival – some his, nothing like the brightest action. There are Bear’s den – 2 February (a La Groundhog Day). He always attributed magical properties – for example, to predict the weather. If the weather that day, the Bear made in the form of haystacks, to protect against future weather trouble. And if the weather wasn’t possible, and no hassle – so bound to be good. This “bear festival” attended by all theatrical groups of the city, children, students, just residents.
There are other important festivals, with their comic processions and rituals, contests, songs, parades dolls from papier-mache.
Huge platform, adorned in all possible ways, with a variety of fun or just satirical compositions. On platforms piled up huge moving dolls from the wonderful view of the dancing or singing. These platforms (they are called “Korea Maserati”) moving in a city where the crowd of merry people, meetings, all the time something is different, but overall, it’s a long cheerful procession.
A lot of poetry, and, on current issues – they are read, they are written directly on the platforms. However, this is mainly a local dialect. But it is a pure expression of popular politics: the Epistles there are strictly social burden, describe pressing problems of today’s life. Even the themes of international politics affected.
The symbol of the Carnival – Farinella, a suit made of patches of white and green tissue (city color) and bells on the hat and shoes. Farinella – harlequin, an image of flour as main dishes on the tables of peasants were flour from barley and pea flour. Made Farinella so skillfully and with fiction, what an impression that made him all 10 remaining from the carnival months. And in General – mask amazing work, the connection of ancient traditions and modernity, a riot of form and colour, fantasy and humor.
But there are plenty of other shapes, made not less imaginative, they rise above the platforms, moving, dancing, singing and marching.
Once an important ritual at the carnival was “Rumble” – people began to Bang on pots and basins, banishing from the city of evil and misfortune. But the guests are foreigners were apparently scared a lot, so this ritual has disappeared from other rituals of carnival. But there are still lots of others.
On the penultimate day of Carnival is also a very important event – the procession in comic masks and religious vestments walking the streets, handing out blessings in the local dialect in folk (not the Church) expressions. The procession wanders through the streets, gathering people, its ready to take in every house for holidays and treats.
These marches up to the Funeral of Mr. Carnival. Here the procession is a comic of his mourning – because the front post. Mourners weep and moan, hiding behind a mournful masks. Proceeds behind them the widow of a gentleman of the Carnival, she also mourns her husband, not forgetting to praise his unspeakable dignity. Widow required even gets condolences from the most that neither is acting of the highest officials of the city.
And the Church bell (Bell Macaroni) calls slow, it has exactly 365 times, calling to slowly calm down eat small, posmeyatsa and poradovatsa. With the last battle of the bells is scattered a handful of ashes – there comes another time. As a symbol of the end of the carnival becomes a pig as a metaphor for the excesses and violations of the rules. This pig of papier-mache burn on the oldest square of the city. This is already a symbol of purification.
Time to drink the last glass of wine and dance the last dance, and to move smoothly to time constraints, thoughts are not on earthly things. There Is A Great Post.